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Tuesday, 10 October 2023 00:00

Understanding the Anatomy of Flat Feet

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a common condition where the arches of the feet appear to be flat or absent. Understanding the anatomy of flat feet can shed light on this condition. The arch of the foot is a vital structural feature, composed of tendons, ligaments, and bones, including the tarsal and metatarsal bones. In individuals with normal arches, these structures work together to absorb shock, distribute weight, and provide stability during movement. However, in individuals with flat feet, these components may not function as effectively. Common causes of flat feet include genetics, injury, or conditions such as tendon dysfunction. When the arch collapses or flattens, it can result in an uneven distribution of weight on the foot, leading to pain, fatigue, and potential musculoskeletal issues. Understanding the anatomy of flat feet is the first step towards seeking appropriate care and management. It is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help individuals with flat feet explore treatment options. These can include wearing orthotics, doing specific exercises, and, in some cases, undergoing surgery to address discomfort and improve foot function.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Anas Khoury, DPM from North Eastern Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Passaic, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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